(Stool Soiling; Fecal Incontinence; Soiling, Stool)
Encopresis – Definition
Encopresis is the passage of stool in places other than the toilet. It is often an involuntary action. Encopresis is often called stool soiling because of the stains left on underwear.
Accidents are normal in infants and toddlers until they learn bowel control. It is considered stool soiling in children aged four years and older.
Constipation – Definition
Constipation is infrequent and/or uncomfortable bowel movements. Stool is often hard and dry. This is a very common gastrointestinal complaint.
Mechanical bowel obstruction – Definition
A mechanical bowel obstruction is a partial or complete blockage in the intestine, which is also called the bowel. Blockages can occur at any point along the small or large bowel. They are more common in the small bowel. When the bowel is blocked, food and liquid cannot pass through. Over time, food, liquid, and gas build up in the area above the blockage. This can cause abdominal pain and swelling.