Posts Tagged ‘Heart and blood’

Aortoiliac and aortofemoral bypass graft surgery

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Tests, procedures and surgery

Aortoiliac and aortofemoral bypass graft surgery – Definition

In a bypass, artificial tubes (grafts) are placed near a section of the blood vessel that is blocked or narrowed. The graft creates a path so that blood can move around the blockage. In this case, the grafts are placed on the aorta and the iliac or femoral arteries.

Aortic valve replacement

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Tests, procedures and surgery

Aortic valve replacement – Definition

Aortic valve replacement is an open-heart surgery. It is done to replace a malfunctioning aortic valve with a new one. The replacement valve may be:

  • Mechanical — It is made entirely out of artificial materials.
  • Bioprosthetic — This valve is made out of a combination of artificial materials and tissues from a pig, cow, or other animal.

Coronary angioplasty

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Tests, procedures and surgery

(Balloon Angioplasty; Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty [PTCA]; Percutaneous Coronary Revascularization)

Coronary angioplasty – Definition

The insertion of a catheter carrying a balloon, through an artery in the groin or arm, into a blocked artery in the heart. The balloon is quickly inflated and deflated to open the artery to allow blood flow.

Magnetic resonance angiography

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Tests, procedures and surgery

Magnetic resonance angiography – Definition

MRA is a study of the blood vessels using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Using a large magnet, radio waves, and a computer, an MRA makes two-dimensional and three-dimensional pictures.