Tendinopathy

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in All bones, muscles, or joints of arm, Arm conditions, Bones, muscles or joints legs, Disease, Condition & Injury, Legs conditions, Muscles and skeleton conditions

(Tendonitis; Tendinosis)

Tendinopathy – Definition

Tendons connect muscle to bone and help move joints. Tendinopathy is an injury to the tendon. These injuries tend to occur in tendons near joints such as knee, shoulder, and ankle. The injuries can include:

  • Tendinitis — an inflammation of the tendon. (Although this term is used often, most cases of tendinopathy are not associated with significant inflammation.)
  • Tendinosis — microtears (tiny breaks) in the tendon tissue with no significant inflammation.

Tendinopathy and the associated pain may take months to resolve.

The following tendons are often involved:

  • Achilles — back of heel
  • Rotator cuff in the shoulder
  • Biceps in the shoulder
  • Wrist extensors near the elbow (on the outside)
  • Wrist flexors near the elbow (on the inside)
  • Patellar tendon (attached to the kneecap)

Stress Fracture

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Bones, muscles or joints legs, Disease, Condition & Injury, Legs conditions, Muscles and skeleton conditions

Stress Fracture – Definition

A stress fracture is a tiny crack in the bone. Most stress fractures occur in the lower leg and foot. They can also occur in the hip and other areas. Most stress fractures can heal spontaneously. However, some may lead to complete fractures, or may require surgery.

Sprain – Ligament Sprain

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in All bones, muscles, or joints of arm, Arm conditions, Bones, muscles or joints legs, Disease, Condition & Injury, Legs conditions, Muscles and skeleton conditions

Sprain – Definition

A sprain is an injury that damages a ligament. A ligament is a firm, fibrous band of tissue. It connects two bones across a joint. There are ligaments crossing all of the joints in the body. Grade 1 and 2 sprains damage only the internal structure of a ligament. The ligament remains intact. Grade 1 is less severe than grade 2. Grade 3 sprains result in complete tears of the involved ligament. Grade 3 sprains are sometimes called torn or ruptured ligaments.

Rickets and Osteomalacia

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in All bones, muscles, or joints of arm, Arm conditions, Bones, muscles or joints legs, Disease, Condition & Injury, Legs conditions, Muscles and skeleton conditions

Rickets and Osteomalacia – Definition

Rickets (in children) and osteomalacia (in adults) are two forms of a metabolic bone disease resulting from vitamin D deficiency. Both cause softening and weakening of bones because of defective or inadequate bone mineralization.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in All bones, muscles, or joints of arm, Arm conditions, Bones, muscles or joints legs, Disease, Condition & Injury, Legs conditions, Muscles and skeleton conditions

(RA; Arthritis, Rheumatoid)

Rheumatoid Arthritis – Definition

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease. It causes pain, swelling, stiffness, and loss of function in the joints. RA usually affects the same joint on both sides of the body. It occurs mostly in the:

  • Fingers
  • Wrists
  • Elbows
  • Shoulders
  • Jaw
  • Hips
  • Knees
  • Toes