What are Panic or Anxiety Attacks and Fight-Or-Flight Response?

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Anxiety Disorders

What are Panic or Anxiety Attacks and Fight-Or-Flight Response?

The American Psychiatric Association describes a panic attack as ‘a discrete period of intense fear or discomfort that is accompanied by at least four of thirteen physical or cognitive symptoms’ (APA 1994). The experience of less than four symptoms is known as a ‘limited symptom attack’ (APA 1994).

Radical cystectomy

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Tests, procedures and surgery

(Bladder Removal)

Radical cystectomy – Definition

A radical cystectomy is a surgery to remove the bladder.

Kidneys, Ureters, and Bladder

Prostate biopsy

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Tests, procedures and surgery

(Transrectal Biopsy; Transurethral Biopsy; Transperineal Biopsy)

Prostate biopsy – Definition

A prostate biopsy is the removal of a small amount of tissue from the prostate gland. The tissue is examined to determine whether there is cancer.

Prostate Cancer

Lymph node biopsy

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Tests, procedures and surgery

(Biopsy Lymph Nodes)

Lymph node biopsy – Definition

Lymph nodes are found throughout the body. They are part of the body’s immune system. These nodes help fight infection by producing special white blood cells. They also work by trapping bacteria, viruses, and cancer cells. Normally, lymph nodes cannot be felt unless they are swollen. Infection, usually by a virus, is the most common cause of lymph node swelling. Other causes include inflammatory diseases, abscesses, and cancer.

Lymph Node Biopsy