Posts Tagged ‘Mental disorder’

Post-traumatic stress disorder – PTSD

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Head & neck conditions, Mental health

Post-traumatic stress disorder – Definition

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that develops after a traumatic event. PTSD has also been called “shell shock” or “battle fatigue.”

Post-traumatic stress disorder – Causes

The exact cause of PTSD is unknown. PTSD is triggered by exposure to a traumatic event. Situations in which a person feels intense fear, helplessness, or horror are considered traumatic. PTSD has been reported in people who experienced:

  • War
  • Rape
  • Physical assault
  • Natural disaster (eg, earthquake, fire)
  • Sexual abuse
  • Motor vehicle accidents
  • Animal attack

Researchers are studying how problems with synapses in the brain may be linked to PTSD.

Postpartum depression

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Head & neck conditions, Mental health

Postpartum depression – Definition

Postpartum depression is a type of depression that affects some women shortly after childbirth. It is not uncommon for women to experience temporary mood disorders or “blues” after giving birth. If it goes on for more than a few days, however, it is called postpartum depression.

Postpartum depression – Causes

The cause of postpartum depression is unclear. The cause may be related to sudden hormonal changes during and after delivery. Untreated thyroid conditions may also be associated with postpartum depression.

Panic disorder

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Head & neck conditions, Mental health

Panic disorder – Definition

Panic disorder is a type of anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent and unpredictable bursts of terror known as panic attacks. A panic attack is accompanied by physical symptoms that may feel similar to a heart attack or other life-threatening condition.

Intense anxiety often develops between episodes of panic. As panic attacks become more frequent, people begin avoiding situations that could trigger them. Panic attacks can lead to agoraphobia. This is a fear of being trapped in places or situations where escape could be difficult or impossible.

Oppositional defiant disorder – ODD

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Head & neck conditions, Mental health

Oppositional defiant disorder – Definition

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a behavior disorder in children and teens. Those with this disorder show negative, angry, and defiant behaviors much more often than most people of the same age. So much so that these behaviors begin to adversely affect the person’s relationships and ability to perform successfully in school, work, and family situations.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder – OCD

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Head & neck conditions, Mental health

Obsessive-compulsive disorder – Definition

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder. The person suffers from unwanted repetitive thoughts and behaviors. These obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors are very difficult to overcome. If severe and untreated, OCD can harm the ability to function at work, school, or home.