Groin Hernia – Adult

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Leg conditions, Legs conditions, Muscles and skeleton conditions, Pelvis - muscle, bone conditions, Stomach & digestive systems conditions, Stomach conditions

(Hernia, Groin—Adult; Hernia, Inguinal—Adult; Inguinal Hernia—Adult)

Groin Hernia – Definition

A groin hernia is an external bulge in the groin area that contains fat, connective tissue, and/or a portion of intestine. There are two main types:

  • Inguinal hernia — occurs when there is a weak spot in the area where the abdomen meets the thigh on both sides (most common type)
  • Femoral hernia — occurs less frequently, located in the upper thigh

A groin hernia that pushes through the abdominal wall can trap a section of intestine. This can lead to an emergency where the intestine is blocked or strangled.

Fracture

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in All bones, muscles, or joints of arm, Arm conditions, Bones, muscles or joints legs, Disease, Condition & Injury, Legs conditions, Muscles and skeleton conditions

Fracture – Definition

A fracture is a break in any bone in the body. Fractures are usually caused by trauma. This may be falls, twists, blows or collisions. There are different kinds of fracture:

  • The bone may be fractured but stable (simple fracture).
  • Bone fragments may be sticking through the skin (open).

Fractures may also be described as:

  • Chip (avulsion fracture) — A small piece of bone is broken away from the main bone.
  • Compression — The bone is compressed together (ie, vertebrae).
  • Comminuted — The bone is in pieces.
  • Greenstick — One side of the bone is broken and the other side is bent but not broken.
  • Intra-articular — The joint is affected.
  • Transverse — The bone is broken in a horizontal line that is perpendicular to the surface of the bone cortex.
  • Oblique — The bone is broken in a line that is less than a 90° angle to the surface of the bone cortex.
  • Spiral — The line of the fracture forms a spiral.
  • Stress — A thin fracture line occurs due to overuse rather than a single traumatic incident.

Contractures

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in All bones, muscles, or joints of arm, Arm conditions, Bones, muscles or joints legs, Disease, Condition & Injury, Legs conditions, Muscles and skeleton conditions

(Contracture Deformity)

Contractures – Definition

Contractures refer to the permanent tightening of non-bony tissues, such as muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin. The result is a loss of motion in the affected joints.

Contracture is different than spasticity, but they are often related. Spasticity is an abnormal increase in muscle tone. This can worsen the development of contractures.

Coccyx Fracture

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Back & spine, Chest conditions, Disease, Condition & Injury, Muscles and skeleton conditions, Pelvis - muscle, bone conditions

(Tailbone Fracture; Broken Tailbone)

Coccyx Fracture – Definition

A coccyx fracture is a broken tailbone. The coccyx is the lowest part of the backbone or spine. It is small, triangular in shape, and consists of four fused vertebra, or spine bones. Normally, it has a little bit of movement and curves gently from the end of the spine into the pelvis.