Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Total body conditions

(Alcohol in Pregnancy; Drinking Alcohol During Pregnancy; FAS)

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome – Definition

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) belongs to a group of disorders called fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. It is caused when a woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy. The alcohol can cause birth and developmental defects in the baby. These defects make up FAS.

Down Syndrome

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Total body conditions

(DS; Trisomy 21)

Down Syndrome – Definition

Down syndrome is a common genetic disorder. It occurs in one out of 700-800 live births. Down syndrome causes birth defects, medical problems, and some degree of intellectual disability.

In fact, down syndrome is the most common genetic cause of mild to moderate intellectual disabilities.

Dehydration

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Total body conditions

Dehydration – Definition

Dehydration results from excessive loss of fluids from the body.

Dehydration – Causes

To work properly, the body requires a certain amount of water and other elements, called electrolytes. Drinking and eating help to replace fluids that have been lost through the body’s functions. Fluids are normally lost through sweat, urine, bowel movements, and breathing. If you lose a lot of fluids and do not replace them, you can become dehydrated.

Cystic Fibrosis – CF

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Chest conditions, Disease, Condition & Injury, Lungs, Total body conditions

Cystic Fibrosis – Definition

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disease. The defect occurs in epithelial (lining) cells. These cells normally create a mucus. The mucus is a vital tool for many organs. CF causes the cells to produce a very thick and rubbery mucus. This most commonly causes:

  • Obstructions and infections of the lungs and airways
  • Malabsorption in the gastrointestinal system (stomach and intestines)
  • Failure to thrive (growth problems)