Posts Tagged ‘Back and spine’

Spondylolysis

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Back & spine, Chest conditions, Disease, Condition & Injury

Spondylolysis – Definition

Spondylolysis is a stress fracture. It occurs in a part of the vertebrae (spinal bone). The pars interarticularis is a portion of the bone between the facets. There is a right and left section.

This condition occurs in the lower back. About 90% of the time it is in the lower back. It can fracture on one or both sides (bilateral). Left untreated, it can lead to spondylolisthesis. This is a more serious condition. The vertebra slips forward on the one below it. Both conditions can cause back pain.

This fracture is the most common cause of back pain in adolescent athletes.

Spinal stenosis

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Back & spine, Chest conditions, Disease, Condition & Injury

Spinal stenosis – Definition

Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal. The spinal canal is located within the backbone. It is a small space that holds the nerve roots and spinal cord. If this space becomes smaller, it can squeeze the nerves and the spinal cord. This causes pain and other symptoms. Stenosis can occur anywhere along the spinal cord. It is most common in the low back (lumbar) region.

Spina bifida

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Back & spine, Chest conditions, Disease, Condition & Injury

Spina bifida – Definition

Spina bifida is a type of birth defect. It is a problem with how the spine and spinal cord develops. Spina bifida can begin to develop in a fetus before the mother even knows she is pregnant. In some cases, structures that should be inside the spinal canal can slip out. The structures affected may include:

  • Membranes that surround the spinal cord
  • Nerve roots that connect nerves to the spinal cord
  • Spinal cord
  • Vertebra (back bones) — may be deformed