HIV and AIDS

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Heart & blood, Pelvis conditions, Reproductive organs conditions, Total body conditions

(Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)

HIV and AIDS – Definition

HIV is a virus that attacks white blood cells called helper T cells (CD4). These cells are part of the immune system. They fight off infections and disease. As a result, an HIV infection can leave you vulnerable to severe illnesses.

AIDS is a late stage of HIV infection. It reflects severe damage to the immune system. One or more opportunistic infections will also likely exist. This is a type of infection that only occurs in people with compromised immune systems.

Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Total body conditions

Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke – Definition

Heat exhaustion is an illness that occurs when someone is too active in hot temperatures. Heat stroke is a more severe illness that occurs under the same circumstances, but can be life-threatening.

Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke – Causes

Both heat exhaustion and heat stroke happen under the following conditions:

  • Very hot environment
  • Heavy activity
  • Too little fluid and salt intake

Hairy Cell Leukemia

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Total body conditions

(HCL; Leukemic Reticuloendotheliosis)

Hairy cell leukemia – Definition

Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a rare form of cancer. It involves white blood cells called B lymphocytes. White blood cells protect the body from infection. HCL gets its name from the tiny hair-like projections that protrude from the surface of these cancer cells. Illness results from the accumulation of these cancer cells in the bone marrow and spleen.

Fragile X Syndrome

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Total body conditions

(Martin-Bell Syndrome; FXS)

Fragile X Syndrome – Definition

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a problem of the X chromosome. It is a condition that is inherited from the parents. FXS is the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability. It is also the most common known cause of autism. FXS affects 1 in 4000 males and 1 in 6000 females.

Fibromyalgia

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in All bones, muscles, or joints of arm, Arm conditions, Bones, muscles or joints legs, Disease, Condition & Injury, Legs conditions, Muscles and skeleton conditions, Total body conditions

(FM; Fibromyalgia Syndrome; FMS)

Fibromyalgia – Definition

Fibromyalgia is a complex, chronic, and disabling disorder. It causes widespread pain and stiffness in the muscles, tendons, and ligaments. It also causes poor sleep and fatigue.