Hodgkin’s Lymphoma — Adult

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Total body conditions

(Hodgkin’s Disease—Adult)

Hodgkin’s Lymphoma – Adult – Definition

Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system drains excess fluid from the blood and protects against infection. Hodgkin’s lymphoma is different from other forms of lymphoma.

Cancer occurs when cells in the body (in this case a type of white blood cell called lymphocyte) divide without control or order. If cells keep dividing uncontrollably when new cells are not needed, a mass of tissue forms, called a growth or tumor. The term cancer refers to malignant tumors, which can invade nearby tissue and can spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor does not invade or spread.

HIV and AIDS

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Heart & blood, Pelvis conditions, Reproductive organs conditions, Total body conditions

(Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)

HIV and AIDS – Definition

HIV is a virus that attacks white blood cells called helper T cells (CD4). These cells are part of the immune system. They fight off infections and disease. As a result, an HIV infection can leave you vulnerable to severe illnesses.

AIDS is a late stage of HIV infection. It reflects severe damage to the immune system. One or more opportunistic infections will also likely exist. This is a type of infection that only occurs in people with compromised immune systems.

Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Total body conditions

Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke – Definition

Heat exhaustion is an illness that occurs when someone is too active in hot temperatures. Heat stroke is a more severe illness that occurs under the same circumstances, but can be life-threatening.

Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke – Causes

Both heat exhaustion and heat stroke happen under the following conditions:

  • Very hot environment
  • Heavy activity
  • Too little fluid and salt intake

Hairy Cell Leukemia

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Total body conditions

(HCL; Leukemic Reticuloendotheliosis)

Hairy cell leukemia – Definition

Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a rare form of cancer. It involves white blood cells called B lymphocytes. White blood cells protect the body from infection. HCL gets its name from the tiny hair-like projections that protrude from the surface of these cancer cells. Illness results from the accumulation of these cancer cells in the bone marrow and spleen.

Fragile X Syndrome

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Total body conditions

(Martin-Bell Syndrome; FXS)

Fragile X Syndrome – Definition

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a problem of the X chromosome. It is a condition that is inherited from the parents. FXS is the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability. It is also the most common known cause of autism. FXS affects 1 in 4000 males and 1 in 6000 females.