Scleroderma

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Arm conditions, Disease, Condition & Injury, Skin arm conditions, Skin conditions, Skin conditions on legs, Total body conditions

(Systemic Sclerosis)

Scleroderma – Definition

Scleroderma is a rare disease of the connective tissue. It can cause the tissue in skin, joints, and internal organs to thicken and stiffen. There are three major forms of the disease:

  • Localized scleroderma (also known as morphea) — usually affects only the skin in isolated parts of the body. This form is less serious.
  • Systemic scleroderma — affects widespread areas of skin and/or internal organs, most often the lungs (Certain categories of this form of scleroderma are more serious and can be fatal.)
  • Overlap syndrome — may involve features of scleroderma and features of other autoimmune syndromes

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Pelvis conditions, Reproductive organs conditions, Total body conditions

(PCOS; Stein Leventhal Syndrome; Polyfollicular Ovarian Appearance; Hyperandrogenic Anovulation; Polycystic Ovarian Disease; PCO; PCOD)

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome – Definition

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a chronic endocrine disorder in women. Characteristics of PCOS are:

  • High levels of male hormones (androgens)
  • Infertility
  • Obesity
  • Insulin resistance
  • Hair growth on face and body
  • Anovulation — when the ovaries mature few or no eggs

Obesity

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Total body conditions

(Overweight in Adults; Morbid Obesity)

Obesity – Definition

Being overweight or obese means your weight is above an ideal weight range. Excess weight creates an increase in the risk of serious diseases like heart disease, certain cancers, and diabetes. One tool used to estimate weight range is called the body mass index (BMI). This scale determines weight ranges based on height. BMI levels in adults include:

  • Ideal weight range: 18.5-24.9
  • Overweight: 25.0-29.9
  • Obese: 30.0 or above
  • Morbid obesity: 40

Adult Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Total body conditions

Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma – Definition

Lymphomas are cancers of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system drains excess fluid from the tissues. It also helps protect against infections.

Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a general name. It applies to many types of lymphomas. There are several different types of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. They are based on the cell type that is involved and the patterns of growth. Treatment will vary according to type.

Muscular Dystrophy – MD

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Total body conditions

Muscular Dystrophy – Definition

Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited, progressive muscle disorders. All forms cause progressive weakness and degeneration of the muscles that control movement. Some also affect the heart or other organs. Age of onset is between infancy to adulthood. The different forms include:

  • Duchenne dystrophy (the most common)
  • Becker (a milder form than Duchenne)
  • Myotonic muscular dystrophy (can have its onset in late adulthood)