Gilbert’s syndrome

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Liver, Stomach conditions

(Hyperbilirubinemia)

Gilbert’s syndrome – Definition

Gilbert’s syndrome is a common, benign genetic liver disorder. It causes levels of bilirubin to rise above normal levels. Bilirubin is a yellow chemical by-product of hemoglobin (the red pigment in blood cells) and is usually excreted by the liver as bile.

Gilbert’s syndrome is found in 3%-7% of the US population, affecting up to 10% of some Caucasian populations. This condition usually manifests during the teen years or in adulthood years (ages 20-30).

Cirrhosis

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Liver, Stomach conditions

Cirrhosis – Definition

Cirrhosis is a disease in which the liver becomes permanently damaged and the normal structure of the liver is changed. Healthy liver cells are replaced by scarred tissue. The liver is not able to do its normal functions, such as detoxifying harmful substances, purifying blood, and making vital nutrients. In addition, scarring slows down the normal flow of blood through the liver, causing blood to find alternate pathways. This may result in gastric or esophageal varices.

Peptic ulcer

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Stomach & digestive systems conditions, Stomach conditions

(PUD; Duodenal Ulcer; Ulcer, Peptic; Ulcer, Duodenal)

Peptic ulcer – Definition

Peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine. This area of the small intestine is called the duodenum. Peptic ulcers may be named by their location:

  • Gastric ulcers — in the stomach
  • Duodenal ulcers — in the duodenum

Typhoid fever

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Stomach & digestive systems conditions, Stomach conditions

(Enteric Fever)

Typhoid fever – Definition

Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever are serious illnesses caused by Salmonella bacteria. It may be Salmonella typhi or Salmonella paratyphi. Typhoid fever is rare in the United States. It occurs most often in developing countries where sanitation is poor. Typhoid fever can be fatal, especially when not treated.

Pinworm

Written by Medicine and Health. Posted in Disease, Condition & Injury, Stomach & digestive systems conditions, Stomach conditions

(Roundworm)

Pinworm – Definition

Pinworms are very common parasites that live in the intestine.

Pinworms are most active at night, 2 to 3 hours after bedtime. The female worm comes out through the anus, and deposits eggs in the perineal area. The perineal area is between the thighs and runs from the anus to the genitals.