(Stammering; Disfluent Speech)
Stuttering – Definition
Stuttering is a speech disorder in which the flow of speech is interrupted by:
- Repetition or prolongation of sounds, words, or syllables
- An inability to begin a word
In an attempt to speak, the person who is stuttering may:
- Frequently blink the eyes
- Have abnormal facial or upper body movements
(Oral-Facial Clefts; Cleft Palate)
Cleft lip – Definition
An oral-facial cleft is a birth defect. It occurs when the lip or the roof of the mouth do not form properly. The defect may include a cleft lip, a cleft palate or both. A cleft lip is a gap in the upper lip. It is usually just below the nose. A cleft palate is a gap in the roof of the mouth or in the soft tissue at the back of the mouth. In the majority of cases, a cleft lip and cleft palate may both occur.
Gingivitis – Definition
Gingivitis is a mild, often reversible form of gum disease. In gingivitis, there is inflammation of the gum tissue, which surrounds the teeth. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to a serious condition called periodontitis (inflammation of the support tissue and bone).